The effect of centralization on the social and political systems of the mainland Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq : (case studies : Millbrook-1916 & Indian Brook-1941)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor McGee, Harold Franklin
dc.coverage.spatial Nova Scotia
dc.creator Tobin, Anita Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-09T12:32:31Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-09T12:32:31Z
dc.date.issued 1999
dc.identifier.other E99 M6 T63 1999
dc.identifier.uri http://library2.smu.ca/xmlui/handle/01/22665
dc.description iv, 115 leaves ; 28 cm.
dc.description Includes abstract.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 111-115).
dc.description.abstract In the 1910s the Canadian Federal Government developed a Centralization Policy for the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia. By 1919, 55 members of the Halifax County Band had moved to the Millbrook Reserve. The population was listed as 124 by 1931. The political structure of the Mi'kmaq was established at this time and leadership was strong on the Millbrook Reserve under Chief Joseph Julian. The Mi'kmaq were included in the decision making process and their ideas, including procurement of additional resources, were incorporated into the program. Relocation can be viewed as only a minor disruption to the social and economic structure of those involved. During the Great Depression, and as Canada was preparing for World War Two, the government felt the need to ease the economic burden of providing for the Mi'kmaq. Referring to the economic success of the Millbrook centralization, it was decided in 1941 that the Mi'kmaq would be centralized to the two larger reserves, Indian Brook and Eskasoni. By 1946, 816 people were living on Indian Brook where only 41 people had resided in 1931. The political structure was unorganized and representation was weak and inexperienced. The move was forced on an uninformed people under threat of enfranchisement and loss of government financial support. Without the acquisition of additional resources, the overcrowded conditions had serious consequences on the social and economic stability within the Indian Brook Reserve.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Halifax, N.S. : Saint Mary's University
dc.subject.lcc E99.M6
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Social conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Economic conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Government relations
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Millbrook Reserve -- Social conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Millbrook Reserve -- Economic conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Millbrook Reserve -- Politics and government
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Indian Brook Reserve -- Social conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Indian Brook Reserve -- Economic conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- Indian Brook Reserve -- Politics and government
dc.subject.lcsh Micmac Indians -- Nova Scotia -- History -- 20th century
dc.title The effect of centralization on the social and political systems of the mainland Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq : (case studies : Millbrook-1916 & Indian Brook-1941)
dc.type Text
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts in Atlantic Canada Studies
thesis.degree.level Masters
thesis.degree.discipline Atlantic Canada Studies Program
thesis.degree.grantor Saint Mary's University (Halifax, N.S.)


Files in this item

 
 

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record